The first phase of inpatient alcohol rehab often includes a period of detoxification (detox). During detox, the patient is slowly weaned off of the substance of abuse, which in many cases may result in the user experiencing withdrawal symptoms. For certain types of abused substances, these withdrawal symptoms can be very severe or even life-threatening. For this reason, detox under medical supervision in a professional facility provides the most safe and comfortable setting in which to begin recovery. Though there are commonalities, unlike those requiring a detox period at the start of substance abuse recovery, those suffering from behavioral addictions, such as an addiction to gambling or sex, generally forego a formal detox period.
Treating the psychological addiction to drugs, alcohol, or behaviors is traditionally the second step of the inpatient rehab process. In many cases, this phase of recovery involves a combination of medical, psychological, and peer support. Most inpatient alcohol treatment programs tailor treatment to the needs of individual patients, adjusting treatment according to what the patient needs at a particular point in their recovery. Individual counseling sessions, group therapy, life skills courses, and complementary activities are generally included to help patients regain the skills needed to function in society, at home, and at work.
Several types of residential alcohol treatment programs are available. Many traditional treatment centers utilize a number of evidence-based treatment modalities, including group and individual counseling, and often provide additional psychiatric care if needed.
Holistic programs approach treatment from a whole-body perspective, incorporating various natural therapies to promote sobriety, overall health, and contentment. Gender-specific rehab programs offer care for women or men only, allowing individuals to focus on their recovery without distractions from the opposite sex, and to address certain issues that are particular to their gender.
Adolescent rehab programs address the unique challenges teens face in recovery, and religious or faith-based rehab programs incorporate various religious philosophies into their treatment models.